Price Dynamics of Bananas in Brazil

Frutecon • Quotation • Ceasa • Banana prices in Brazil • Banana Market Prices • Banana Producer • Banana Distributor • Banana Wholesale • Banana Retail • Banana Price Variation • Banana Price Analysis • Banana Demand

Monday, June 3, 2024​​

Bananas are essential for global food security and the livelihoods of millions of small-scale farmers. Brazil stands out as one of the world’s largest banana producers, with production concentrated in regions such as the Vale do Ribeira in São Paulo, northern Minas Gerais, and Bahia.


Over the past decade, the banana market in Brazil has experienced significant price fluctuations driven by a combination of factors such as climate changes, variations in supply and demand, production costs, and import and export policies. The main banana-producing areas in the country are frequently affected by extreme weather events, such as droughts and floods, which directly impact production and, consequently, domestic prices.


Data from CEPEA and IBGE indicate that during periods of low production, especially when adverse weather conditions affect major producing regions, banana prices tend to increase. Conversely, years of abundant production generally result in price drops due to excess supply. Additionally, fluctuations in agricultural input costs, such as fertilizers and pesticides, also influence consumer prices, reflecting variations in production costs.

Adapting to Climate Change: Innovative Strategies

The Brazilian agricultural sector has faced significant challenges due to extreme weather events. In 2020, for example, climatic variations directly affected banana production, including the ‘prata’ variety. Frutecon’s response to these challenges involved implementing innovative agricultural practices, such as efficient irrigation systems and climate monitoring, aimed at mitigating adverse impacts and ensuring production continuity.

The Banana Market Economy

Brazil stands out as one of the leading banana producers, with production exceeding 6.9 million tons in 2023, according to recent IBGE data. The ‘prata’ banana, in particular, holds a prominent position, valued both in the domestic market and for export. In 2023, Brazilian banana exports generated revenues exceeding 25 million dollars, according to MDIC data, highlighting the economic relevance of this fruit to the country.

Price Variations of Bananas in the Brazilian Market

Seasonality is a determining factor in banana price variations, with fluctuations observed throughout the year due to supply changes. During the summer, which is the off-season in the Southeast, reduced supply tends to drive up prices, while increased production in winter can lead to price reductions. Extreme weather events, such as droughts or floods, can also cause price spikes, reflecting supply shortages. Additionally, variations in input costs and market demand, especially during festive periods, directly influence consumer prices.


To provide a general overview, in December 2023, the ‘Prata Litoral 1ª’ banana was sold for R$ 88.00 per 20 kg box, a 21% increase compared to the second half of November; during the same period, the ‘Prata Anã’ banana was sold for R$ 134.00 per 20 kg box, a 15% increase compared to the previous fortnight.


In January 2024, banana prices increased, with the highest price hike among fruits, reaching up to 13.84% (Agrolink, 2024). According to the 2nd Bulletin of 2024 by Prohort, published by Conab, the reference prices at the end of the first bimester of 2024 at major Ceasas in the country (Notícias Agrícolas, 2024) are as follows:


– Extra Nanica Banana: R$ 6.00/kg

– Extra Prata Banana: R$ 7.67/kg

– Climatized 1st Nanica Banana: R$ 4.00/kg

– Climatized 1st Prata Banana: R$ 6.00/kg

– Climatized 1st Nanica Banana: R$ 4.84/kg

Growing Demand and Frutecon’s Commitment

The demand for high-quality bananas has been increasing, driven by awareness of their nutritional benefits. In response, Frutecon has dedicated itself to cultivation practices that enhance the flavor and nutritional quality of ‘prata’ bananas, as well as adopting environmental sustainability measures. These initiatives reinforce the company’s commitment to responsible and sustainable production.

Conclusion: A Strategic Partnership

The analysis of ‘prata’ banana prices in Brazil over the past ten years reveals a complex interaction of variables that influence the market, including internal production factors, input costs, import and export policies, and market demand. For stakeholders in the sector, including producers, retailers, distributors, and consumers, staying informed about these trends is crucial for making well-founded strategic decisions.


Frutecon, committed to excellence and sustainability, emerges as a strategic partner for retailers and distributors, ensuring the supply of high-quality bananas. Together, we face market challenges, turning them into opportunities for mutual growth and success.

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